Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic digestive disorder that affects the colon, also known as the large intestine. This disorder is characterized by causing problems with the normal functioning of the colon, generating symptoms such as abdominal pain, gas, flatulence, and changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation. Although its exact cause is unknown, it is thought that factors such as diet, stress, and changes in the intestinal microbiota can contribute to its development.
The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is based primarily on the presence and persistence of characteristic symptoms, as well as the exclusion of other more serious gastrointestinal disorders. Doctors usually perform a series of tests, such as blood tests and other diagnostic imaging studies, to rule out other possible causes of symptoms.
Although irritable bowel syndrome can be a chronic condition, many people can successfully control their symptoms through lifestyle and dietary changes. It is important to work with health professionals to develop a personalized management plan that fits each individual's needs. With the right understanding and a comprehensive approach, it is possible to improve the quality of life of people with irritable bowel syndrome.
These are some strategies or steps that can be followed to avoid or reduce the symptoms caused by this disease:
Food control: It is necessary to identify foods that can cause symptoms. Some people experience improvements by limiting the intake of foods such as dairy products or spicy or high-fat foods.
Stress management: Stress can worsen irritable bowel syndrome. Practices such as meditation, yoga, or psychotherapy can be helpful in reducing stress levels and improving quality of life.
Modifying bowel habits: Maintaining a regular bowel elimination routine can help control symptoms. Setting regular times to go to the bathroom, as well as responding quickly to emergencies, can be helpful.
Probiotic supplements: Probiotics can be an effective tool for improving the health of your gut microbiome.
Pharmacological treatments: In some cases, doctors may prescribe medications to help control symptoms, such as antispasmodics or medications for diarrhea or constipation.
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