May 17, 2022

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Ukrainian War, Il Foglio: “Here are 17 draft points under discussion in negotiations with Russia”

There are 17 points in the discussion of the draft in the negotiations between Russia and Ukraine. Claudio Serrassa writes it on Twitter, and he posted an article in Il Foglio. “Negotiations between Russia and Ukraine, here are the 17 points of the draft discussion in Kyiv“, is the title of the piece.” Il Foglio saw a document on the terms of the cease-fire: from Ukraine’s refusal to join NATO until the recognition of Crimea, Donetsk and Luhanks “.

“This is a three-page document divided into 17 points, translated into English and Ukrainian. One of the most important passages – he writes in the daily newspaper – is Ukraine’s abandonment of joining NATO for 15 years. A reference to the recognition of the breakaway republics of Donetsk (Dnr) and Luhanks (Lnr), They are required to maintain a neutral status. In Crimea, Kyiv pledges to recognize its annexation to Russia by the end of 2022, and to abandon any legal action against Moscow.”

Il Foglio publishes the document “The Basis of the Ceasefire Agreement between Russia and Ukraine”. Preamble. Russia and Ukraine (“the Parties”) agree to a cease-fire to enter into force [gg.mm.aa] which shall last until the next earliest of the following dates: (i) 30 days and (ii) the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (“Agreements”) between the parties and on the basis of the following agreements: 1. The parties recognize the indisputable sovereignty and independence, with the specification of point x below. 2. Ceasefire terms…. 3. Russia and Ukraine will release all their military and political prisoners within 24 hours of signing the agreement.”

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“4 – Ukraine undertakes to maintain military neutrality and not to join NATO for at least 15 years from the date of signing the agreement. This obligation remains in effect as long as Russia does not take any direct, indirect or destabilizing military action against Ukraine. After the initial 15-year period, and unless there is a violation referred to in the preceding sentence, Ukraine can decide to join NATO only if Ukrainian voters vote by referendum in favor of joining NATO by a majority of 2/3 of the electorate.”

“5 – Ukraine will grant special status to Donetsk (DNR) and Luhanks (LNR), the details of which will be specified in the agreement, but will respect the democratically expressed wishes of its legitimate residents. In any case, the DNR and LNR will also undertake to maintain a neutral status, and undertake Russia not to annex the DNR and LNR to Russia for at least 15 years 6. Ukraine will recognize the annexation of Crimea to Russia by the end of 2022, provided that, in the meantime, Russia has complied with all its obligations under the agreement and on condition thereof.

7. As part of the recognition of Crimea, Ukraine will ensure the smooth flow of water to the peninsula through the North Crimean Channel. 8. With regard to points 5 and 6 above, Ukraine will terminate all legal proceedings against Russia in connection with the annexation of Crimea. 9. Ukraine will maintain its accession to the free trade area of ​​the European Union. Moreover, the parties will discuss the possibility of Ukraine joining the Eurasian Customs Union (Ecuador) as soon as possible and with the consent of the European Union. Given the difficult economic situation in Ukraine, Russia and Ukraine will cooperate to find a technical solution that will allow Ukraine to be a member of both unions, provided that regulations are put in place to avoid disruption in the two trade regions. Free trade because of Ukraine’s own situation that is consistent with the spirit of neutrality.”

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“10 – Ukraine intends to become a full member of the European Union. Russia undertakes not to interfere in this process while respecting Ukraine’s sovereignty, even if it leads to Ukraine’s exit from the European Union 11. All sanctions, quotas or any kind of trade restrictions that Russia imposed it on Ukrainian companies and vice versa, and Russia will give up its demand [3] Billion dollars to Ukraine ex “Yanukovych loan.” 13. All sanctions, quotas or any kind of trade restrictions imposed by Russia on Ukrainian companies will be lifted and vice versa.”

14 – Russia undertakes to ship at least [–] 1 billion gas through Ukraine and enter into a “ship or pay” agreement at rates calculated in accordance with normal market practice for a period of at least 10 years. 15 – All outstanding disputes between Naftogaz Ukraine and Gazprom, including arbitration awards in Stockholm and all pending trials, will be terminated, and outstanding credits and payments will be forfeited.”

“16. In addition to military activities, the Parties agree to refrain and ensure that operators under their direct or indirect control refrain from any kind of activities such as cyber-attacks, disinformation, propaganda and electoral interference. 17 – As part of standardization in relations between Russia and Ukraine, agreed The two parties shall re-establish direct flights between the regions, starting from 01.01.2023.