ROME – Twelve months after the outbreak of the war in Ukraine, it is confirmed that the United States is the world’s leading contributor to the Kiev government in terms of military, financial, and humanitarian assistance. Notably, the planned spending to support the Ukrainian military is also the highest ever allocated by the White House. To analyze numbers and data Kiel Institute for the World Economyan independent research center based in Germany.
According to Keel, The Biden administration and Congress have mobilized resources amounting to more than 73 billion euros, the highest number. Of these, 44.3 billion is for military aid, 25.1 billion is for economic aid and 3.72 billion is for humanitarian interventions. This translates into spending equal to 0.367% of GDP. Thus, if Washington is the first in terms of allocations in absolute terms, instead it drops to fifth place in terms of the share of aid in relation to GDP among Kiev’s allies, in the foreground are those who border directly with the Russian Federation: in the first place there . It is Estonia at 1.071%, followed by Latvia (0.975%), Lithuania (0.652%) and Poland (0.626%).
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But the scenario changes. The United States follows the European Union with 35 billion, consisting mainly of financial aid (30.3 billion), military (3.19 billion), and humanitarian aid (1.60 billion). among the member statesGermany is the first with 6.16 billion euros and the only one to allocate a higher share to humanitarian aid (2.5 billion), compared to military and financial aid (equivalent to 2.36 and 1.30 billion euros respectively).. On the other hand, the United Kingdom ranks third in the global ranking, between the European Union and Germany, with a total of 8.31 billion euros divided into 4.89 billion military aid, 3.02 billion financial aid, and 400 million euros. humanitarian support. Italy ranks eleventh – between Japan and Sweden – with 1 billion 23 million euros, consisting mainly of military (661 billion euros), financial (52 million) and humanitarian aid (52 million).. In terms of the ratio between aid and GDP, our country amassed 0.057%, ranking 23rd in the global ranking compiled by the Keele Institute.
These numbers confirm the trend that was heading towards A Increased global military spending — which also includes Russia and other countries allied with Moscow or have remained neutral — equaled 0.7% in 2021 and 12% compared to 2012 data, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri). This represents “an all-time record since 1987, with a growth trend of more than $2.1 trillion (equivalent to 2.2 percent of global GDP)”. The institute explains that the Russian-Ukrainian war is not the only factor – for example, the emergence of China, which is seen as a global threat by many countries, primarily the United States – but certainly Contributes to a new “arms race”.. For the researchers, the recorded trend is “surprising” because it “also coincides with the global financial crisis of 2008 and the Covid-19 pandemic of 2020.”
A petition on the matter has been made to the Dyer Agency Gabriela Evelez, Rosa Hernandez“The Russian invasion of Ukraine upset the European security system, and this has prompted many countries to invest more in defense and security,” says the researcher at the Arms Control Association. As the conflict drags on, “nations, including the United States and Europe, will look for creative ways to fill defense gaps as ammunition stocks dwindle.” But in the current context of “hot war,” Hernandez continues, “Washington and its allies can take a number of steps to avoid direct confrontation with Moscow while still supporting Ukraine. Early in the war, for example, the Pentagon and the Russian Defense Ministry set up a hotline for conflict resolution. In addition, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu and US Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin spoke several times “as did” US Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley and Russian Chief of Staff Valery Gerasimov. However, in order to work, any means of conflict resolution must include constructive communication, preventing the expansion of war.”
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at present , Any continuation of negotiations will be firmAlthough there are those who call for international action that leads Moscow and Kiev to sit around a table under the auspices of the United Nations. According to Hernandez, one of the bodies that can facilitate this rapprochement work is the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, which has 57 member states including Russia.
The main body working for stability and peace in the region at its recent summit on December 1-2 in Lodz, Poland, failed for the first time to approve a $143 million budget, after vetoes by Russia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. This will make many actions impossible, inclOsce President Election 2024 and the mandate of the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine. This summit marked another “first”: the exclusion of a minister, following the decision of the Warsaw authorities to prevent Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov from obtaining a visa.
The researcher at the Arms Control Association continues:Russia’s decision to invade Ukraine hampered the OSCE’s ability to continue constructive dialogue between Russia and NATO membersHowever, “preserving the work of the OSCE is essential: it can play an important role in the new security order that will emerge in the coming years.” In addition to condemning the aggression against Ukraine and then the Russian veto over the OSCE budget in Europe Some countries also opposed the exclusion of Lavrov from the meeting, noting that the conflict in Ukraine is not the only epicenter of crises in Europe.
On this point, Hernandez notes, the OSCE “carries out mediating work in Moldova, dealing with the de facto authorities in Transnistria, and then in Georgia, where the organization facilitates dialogue between Tbilisi and South Ossetia. Before the 2020 war – the expert concludes – played The OSCE plays a key role in mediating between Baku and Yerevan, in the context of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.”
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