Malaria: 5 new cases in the United States. It hasn’t happened in 20 years

The malaria nightmare is back again: I was confirmed last week 5 cases of local transmission in the United StatesIt hasn’t happened in 20 years. Four of these incidents occurred in Florida, and the fifth in Texas, though US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found no relationship between the latter and the others.

Malaria: what is it?

Malaria is one Infectious diseases It is transmitted by the bites of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles, which carry parasitic microorganisms: These mosquitoes mainly bite between dusk and dawn. It affects more than 200 million people each year, mainly in Africa, and is especially dangerous for children. The main symptoms Fever, headache, neck muscle tension, chills, sweating, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. It has been disappearing in Italy – at the level of local transmission – for more than 70 years, even if there are occasionally some cases linked to tourists returning from countries where malaria is still common. On the other hand, there are no recent reports of a locally acquired disease, It happened in the United States instead. It is one of the most widespread diseases in human history, especially during the Middle Ages: it spread mainly in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and then also spread in the Americas after colonization.

state of emergency in the United States

And the CDC itself was keen to reassure residents: “Despite these cases, The risk of contracting locally acquired malaria remains very low. All patients have received treatment and are getting better.” In particular, the Florida government has recommended this Drain stagnant waterWear long shirts and pants, where mosquitoes can breed. The last case of locally acquired malaria was in 2003with 8 cases in Palm Beach County, all recent cases were “imported” from people who had traveled to other countries.

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