The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) made the announcement on November 16, 2021, after the International Health Regulatory Commission (IHR) notified the WHO of human measles imported into Maryland, USA. The patient is an adult, living in the United States, with previous trips to Nigeria.
The patient had a rash while in Lagos, Nigeria. On November 6 he traveled from Lagos, Nigeria to Istanbul, Turkey and on November 7 from Istanbul to Washington, DC, USA. The patient has not previously been vaccinated against measles and is currently in solitary confinement in Maryland. On November 13, skin lesion samples were tested for RT-PCR in a Maryland laboratory in favor of the common orthobox virus and the non-vertebrate orthobox virus. On November 16, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US CDC) confirmed the diagnosis of the West African ape species by RT-PCR in the same two sore specimens, with the strain reappearing in Nigeria from 2017 onwards.
During his stay in Nigeria, the patient was always in Lagos, and the source of the infection is currently unknown. This is the second time in 2021 that a traveler returning to the United States has contracted monkey flu. The first imported human case was reported on 15 July 2021 by a traveler returning from Nigeria (For more information on the first case, see the bulletin drawn by the Ministry of Health on 27 July 2021). In addition to these two cases, six human cases of monkey boxes imported from Nigeria to Israel (one case), Singapore (one case) and to non-local countries by travelers to Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Northern Ireland have been reported since 2018 (four cases).
The frequency of global travel indicates that more export cases may be expected among travelers from local areas / countries. In addition, there may be undiagnosed, undiagnosed or unreported cases. The US CDC works with international health workers, state and local health officials to communicate with patients and others on flights from Nigeria to Turkey and then to the United States, and to assess potential risks. Visit to the United States.
Passengers on these flights had to wear masks due to the current Govt-19 epidemic, so the risk of transmitting monkey flu through inhaled droplets is considered low. Health workers have been advised to pay close attention to injuries such as the box virus, especially among travelers returning from Nigeria. The monkey box is a sylvan zoonosis, which is an accidental human infection that commonly occurs occasionally in the wilds of central and western Africa. It is caused by the monkey box virus (MPXV), which belongs to the orthobox virus family. The genetic sequence shows that there are two monkey box clats – Congo Basin and West Africa – that correspond to differences found in human pathogenesis and mortality in two geographical areas.
Both clades are spread by contact and exposure to droplets; Infection is dangerous to humans. The incubation period of the monkey box is usually 6 to 13 days, but can be as long as 5 to 21 days. The disease often controls itself with signs and symptoms and usually resolves spontaneously within two to four weeks. Signs and symptoms can be mild or severe, and the injuries can be painful. Immune deficiency, young age and pregnancy appear to be risk factors for acute illness. Apart from Nigeria, eruptions have been reported in nine other countries in Central and West Africa since the 1970s. These include Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone and Sudan. In some of these countries, including Cameroon and the Central African Republic, small-scale eruptions continue to occur.
However, most cases continued to be reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 2,780 cases and 72 deaths (2.6% CFR) reported between January 1 and October 31, 2021. Communication and hunting with living animals and The. Consumption of sport or use of products of animal origin is a source of human infection. Mild cases of monkey flu in adults may go undiagnosed, undiagnosed or reported and may increase the risk of human-to-human transmission. If any illness is caught on the way or back, it should be reported to a healthcare professional, which includes information on recent travel and vaccination history.
Residents and travelers in infected countries should avoid contact with sick, dead, or live animals that may have monkey box virus (rodents, marsupials, or animals) and avoid eating or handling wild game (wild meat).
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