How did they build the pyramids of Egypt? It reveals the main role played by the ancient branch of the Nile

Search for related to Egypt for better understanding How were the pyramids located? How did the builders of these funerary monuments do that? Move huge blocks of stone And the rest of the materials.

Research published in the Journal of Earth and Environmental Communications It reveals the construction of 31 pyramids, including the amazing Giza complex Tracing the course of the ancient arm of the Nile River Which disappeared due to drought and was buried under the desert.

An international team of researchers led by Iman Ghoneim, from the University of North Carolina at Wilmington (United States), indicates that these pyramid fields were concentrated along…A 64-kilometre-long strip near the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis Because it was very easy to reach it through this riverbed, which they called “Al-Ahramat” – pyramids in Arabic.

Experts studied the area using satellite images and conducted geophysical surveys to take samples from the ground. This is how they were able to confirm The presence of river sediments and ancient channels To the west of the present course of the Nile River, in what is today known as a strip of inhospitable desert and the gateway to the Sahara Desert.

The pyramids are concentrated in this area Its construction began about 4700 years ago For a period of approximately 1000 years. The analyzed sediments confirm that the Nile was steeper than it is now, and that it was divided into several arms in some areas.

The Giza Pyramids today are very close to urban areas, about 15 kilometers from Cairo (Wikimedia Commons/Raimond Spekking)

Direct connection with the river

Researchers have noticed that at the foot of many of the pyramids there were roads connecting them to the banks of the Ahramat River, where they suspect the existence of… River ports that allowed the transportation of building materials.

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It is estimated that they used just that to build the Pyramid of Khufu – the largest of the three pyramids of Giza 2.3 million stone pieces, each weighing more than two tons. It took 20 years to build, and the authors explain that the Ihrams were the means by which they transported the materials.

Drought led to the disappearance of the ihram

The authors believe that a large accumulation of sand is blown by the wind and is associated with it The great drought that began 4,200 years agoIt could explain why the water flowing through the Ahramat River is concentrated towards the east and the riverbed is covered with sediments.

The research highlights the importance of the Nile River as a “highway” and cultural artery for the ancient Egyptians, and also highlights how human societies have been affected by environmental changes throughout history.

The team wants to continue the investigations to look into them More lost arms found in the Nile River Concentrating archaeological excavations there is aimed at protecting Egypt’s rich cultural heritage, they say.

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