This test can find small lesions (adenomas) within the large intestine that can eventually turn into cancer. The goal is to detect and remove these tumors, and prevent the development of the disease. In this round, a total of 3,439 people will be invited in a staggered manner. In the previous round at the ABS in Vilanova del Cami, in 2022, there was a participation of 51% (1,581 people).
How does the program work?
Citizens eligible for the program (women and men between the ages of 50 and 69) will receive an invitation letter in the mail. To participate, they must write to one of the pharmacies participating in the program, where they will be provided with everything necessary to take the test. In this case, it consists of a stick to collect the stool sample, and a tube containing liquid in which the stick is placed with the sample. The test can be done easily at home, following the instructions.
Once the test is finished, you should take it to the pharmacy as soon as possible (if not, it can be kept in the refrigerator). The result will be sent by letter after a few weeks. If signs of blood are found on the test, even though it is most likely a benign lesion, a nursing visit will be suggested to evaluate whether a colonoscopy, an examination of the inside, is necessary of the bowel, to rule out any infection to the colon or rectum. Using this test, adenomas can be detected and removed before cancer develops. Colonoscopy is performed under anesthesia and the risk of complications is low.
Screening is the best means of prevention
The Ministry of Health calls for participation in population screening, because it allows healthy populations to be affected to detect possible diseases, and is currently the most effective tool for improving cancer diagnosis. Detecting cancer in its early stages allows for less aggressive treatments, with fewer consequences and a higher probability of cure.
Prevention is key when it comes to cancer, which is why, in addition to participating in early detection programmes, you should take care of your health: eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and dairy products and exercise regularly; Limit consumption of foods containing fats of animal origin, red and processed meat; Do not smoke, and avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men and women over the age of 50. It most often develops from small lesions (polyps) within the colon or large intestine, which can eventually turn into cancer. It is common for cancer to not cause any discomfort until the disease reaches an advanced stage, which is why the office reminds us of the importance of participating in screenings.
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