ECDC alert on shigellosis, already 254 cases between the EU and the UK, 4 in the US, no cases in Italy

ECDC alert on shigellosis, already 254 cases between the EU and the UK, 4 in the US, no cases in Italy

ROME, FEBRUARY 21 – Outbreak of an epidemic of shigellosis, a gastrointestinal infection caused by bacteria of the species. Shigella, between Europe and the United States with 258 cases (221 confirmed and 37 suspected) registered as of 16 February in 10 countries of the European Union / European Economic Area (EU / See), in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The alert comes from ECDC, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control.

Since September 2022 – CDC conducted a rapid risk assessment, rated Medium at present – reported “An increase in the number of cases of shigellosis is mainly due to sonny shigella, Among travelers returning from Cape Verde to the EU/EEA, UK and US. The epidemic developed rapidly in November and December. Possible routes of infection or common exposure have not yet been identified – the agency explains – but investigations are underway in Cape Verde. There are several plausible modes of transmission: most likely through food or through infected food companies.” from bacteria. However, it can also be transmitted from person to person.specifies ECDC.

stump sonny shigella Responsible for epidemic shows Predicted resistance to trimethoprim and streptomycin. antibiotic drugs, However, multidrug resistance has been detected in some casesBased on the available data, the ECDC reports this Many of the infected people stayed at all-inclusive hotels located in the Santa Maria area on the island of Sal (In Cape Verde, ed.). The most recent cases were reported in Sweden on January 19.” Specifies the agency you are warning against “There is a moderate risk of new infections among travelers to Cape Verde, particularly among those who reside in the Santa Maria area on the island of Sal.”

Italy does not appear among the countries with reported cases of shigellosis as of 16 February. So far, infections have been reported in the EU/EEA from Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and Sweden, with a total of 159 cases (122 confirmed and 37 suspected), mainly concentrated between the Netherlands, Sweden and France. The UK has reported 95 cases, all confirmed; US 4, confirmed.

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ECDC encourages the competent authorities in the EU/EEA countries to “Raising awareness among healthcare professionals about the possibility of Shigella infection among people who have recently traveled to Cape Verde – reads the ECDC note, which was relaunched by AdnKronos Salute Agency. Together with the World Health Organization in Europe, the agency is in regular contact with the Cape Verdean authorities to support investigations into the sources of infection and to raise awareness among health professionals in the country. African.

shigellosis, ecdc still recalls, “It is a gastrointestinal infection caused by one of four species of Shigella bacteria: Shigella sonii, S. Humans are the main reservoirs of Shigella.” infection is caught “By oral contact with items contaminated with feces, through direct person-to-person contact, through contaminated food or water, through objects that have come into contact with feces. The amount of bacteria needed to cause infection is small, which increases transmissibility.”

Food related epidemics – Agency monitors – They are often associated with food company operators who have been infected and contaminate ready-to-eat foods such as salads. Waterborne infections can occur if drinking water or recreational water is used,” such as swimming pools and spas, It is contaminated with the feces of an infected person. It is important to wash your hands with soap and water, especially after using the toilet and before preparing or eating food. It is also important to pay extra attention to food and water when traveling abroad.”

There is currently no vaccine to prevent Shigella infection.specifies ECDC. “People infected with shigellosis should not go to school, handle food, or care for children and sick people while the infection is progressing. Children under 5 years of age, food workers, and health care workers should stay home for 48 hours after symptoms resolve.” .

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