War in Yemen The humanitarian crisis continues and intensifies where it was already the poorest country in the Middle East. The direct casualties of the war are estimated at about 150,000, including airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition and several thousand civilians backed by the United States. According to UN ambassadors, there are many war crimes that are not exempt from any of the parties involved in the conflict.
The UN defines the situation today as the worst humanitarian catastrophe: with a population of about 30 million, there are 4 million refugees, 71% of the population in need of assistance and 5 million are already on the brink of starvation. It is estimated that 2.3 million children under the age of five are severely malnourished and that 400,000 are already at risk of death. Considering the cholera epidemic that has caused 2.5 million infections and 4,000 deaths since 2016, half of Yemenis do not have access to clean water and nearly 20 million people do not have adequate health care. Now Covid-19 has been added, which has already caused nearly 2,000 deaths, but these data are unimaginable, The BBC reported, Are underestimated.
However, this dramatic situation did not stop the fighting factions, on the contrary, the situation became more complicated and at least the hope of a fight was still far away. The war, which began in 2014, saw two adversaries, on the one hand supporters of President Hadi’s internationally recognized government, and on the other the Houthi rebels, basically created by the Shiite minority and backed by Iran. On the field was a faction of supporters of former President Saleh, who initially sided with the Houthis and later joined the government. In addition, there were tribal factions, and in some areas the presence of Al Qaeda and ISIS, trying to take advantage of this catastrophic situation.
In 2018, a new “variant” was introduced covering the front of Aden separatists, separated from Yemen until 1994. They expelled Hadi’s supporters from Aden, which became the seat of government after the Houthis captured the capital, Sanaa. , Still in their hands today. Saudi intervention led to a deal, however unstable, that involved separatists and the government, but Hadi had to seek refuge in Saudi Arabia. The separatists in Aden were backed by Saudi Arabia’s allies, the United Arab Emirates, which significantly withdrew its troops from Yemen in 2019. This year, the Houthis have returned as the main protagonists of the scene by attacking the province of Marib, the last stronghold in government hands.
In this situation, the question of closing the article is inevitable BBC: “Why should all this matter to the rest of the world?” Listed responses include increased tensions in the region, the possibility of Western attacks by Al Qaeda and ISIS, the proxy conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran, and Yemen’s strategic importance in controlling the straits connecting the sea. Red and Gulf of Aden, essential for oil transportation.
This is the last point Fundamentals of operations in the United Arab Emirates Through the islands of Aden and Sokotra, occupied and effectively removed from the jurisdiction of the Yemeni government, Bob El Monteb can be controlled. The Saudis have directly occupied parts of Yemen, but in recent times there have been rumors that their troops are being withdrawn from southern Yemen. Which in the short term led to the defeat of the Houthis and turned in favor of the rebels for more than six years.
All of this is causing problems for the United States, which has sought to re-establish relations with rivals on the field with Biden, for example, by canceling the inclusion of Trump-wanted Houthis on the list of terrorist organizations. With Biden, unconditional support for Saudi Arabia was halted in search of a solution to the conflict. While reaffirming US defensive support for Riyadh, this approach also contributes to Biden’s intention of resuming negotiations with Tehran over the nuclear deal. In Congress, there is bipartisan opposition to Saudi’s blind support, and their behavior in Yemen is considered by many to be highly questionable. The last event The Presentation by Ilhan OmarAn influential representative of the American Democratic Left, a movement aimed at preventing the sale of arms to the Saudis for $ 650 million. The administration says they are defensive weapons, but if the motion is passed in both the House and the Senate, Biden will be forced to follow Trump and veto the resolution.
Behind the tragedy of the Yemeni people is a solution that can only be found in lasting peace.
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