Organ transplantation, written by Dr. M. Antonia Bonanni

Organ transplantation, written by Dr.  M.  Antonia Bonanni

organ transplantEmporda

Based on the initiative and directives of the Union of Federations Solid organ transplantationToday we will discuss transplants. because? Well, I would like to thank the generosity of the donors, for promoting this life-saving solidarity donation and also to thank the work and commitment of the professionals who made it possible.

In a transplant, a diseased organ is replaced with a healthy one, which comes from a cadaver or a living donor. Therefore, without donations there are no transplants. More and more organs and tissues can be transplantedFor example, kidneys, heart, lung, pancreas, liver, bones, tendons, corneas, heart valves or parts of blood vessels, skin, hematopoietic progenitor cells (bone marrow), umbilical cord blood or peripheral blood.

To do this, a waiting list is created and followed. There is one for each type of farming, and there is also one for adults and one for children. For a person to be included, the solution to the disease must be an organ transplant and must meet certain requirements. These lists are managed by the Catalan Organ Transplantation Organization (OCATT) and the teams that must do so. The list is sorted by blood type, attractiveness, compatibility, height or weight. It also takes into account special situations. Waiting time is the time taken from the time of diagnosis to the time of treatment. This treatment can be accessed by patients who need it whether they live in Catalonia or abroad, as long as it is indicated and a referral is made.

“When you get on the waiting list, you should always be there and live a normal life.”

Its urgency is classified into three levels. Urgency 0 or national priority. He is given the first available compatible organ, as this person can die within hours if he does not receive the affected organ. It is determined according to medical criteria and that your medical team has requested your inclusion. Urgent 1 is equivalent to critical condition. A medical report will be prepared from the hospital to inform other centers and request their approval. It will be given the first compatible body in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands when this kind of urgency is accepted. Criticism is the normal position on the menu, it is the norm. They are awarded according to clinical and regional criteria, which are applied simultaneously and in a complementary manner. When you get on the waiting list, you should always be there and live a normal life. When you get a call for a transplant, you have to stay calm and quick, pack your bag and go to the hospital Make a list of current medications and drug allergiesalthough this information may be recorded in your record.

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After a transplant, the body can reject the transplanted organ. To avoid this, immunosuppressive medications are available. Current devices reduce the chances of rejection and improve the function of transplanted organs in the short and long term.

Once the transplant is completed, you should take medication (immunosuppressants) as prescribed, Take into account the warning signs that the medical team will explainFollow the instructions provided by the medical team regarding medication, diet, infection and disease prevention, sex, or exercise.

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