In the Balearic Islands, 2,100 cases of stroke occur every year, of which about 350 people die

In the Balearic Islands, 2,100 cases of stroke occur every year, of which about 350 people die

It is one of the data extracted within the framework of the first conference on strategies for cardiovascular health and stroke organized by the General Directorate of Benefits, Pharmacy and Consumerism, which was held on Friday at the Son Espacis University Hospital.

As reported by the Ministry of Health, this day, which falls within the framework of dissemination and training activities on health strategies, was designed to research common areas between the two strategies, such as prevention, promotion and heart disease related to stroke.

The aim is to move towards a comprehensive, person-centred perspective of care that takes into account all factors associated with cardiovascular health, from social determinants, in particular gender, to health education for patients and training of health professionals, including: To improve early diagnosis, in addition to the importance of prevention and rehabilitation.

It is a technical event in which topics related to cardiovascular health are analyzed from two different perspectives, such as prevention and healthcare approach towards them.

Scheduled presentations address topics such as promoting and preventing cardiovascular health, exercise, diet and healthy lifestyles to prevent these diseases, and offer a series of presentations related to heart disease and stroke.

It is primarily aimed at specialists in specialties involved in both primary care and hospital strategies – cardiology, neurology, geriatrics, primary care medicine, nursing, social work, occupational therapy, psychology, rehabilitation medicine, physical therapy or speech therapy. -And other professionals. who may be interested in further education about cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, as well as patients and caregivers.

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

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With an annual incidence of 1 case per 100 people, cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of death in Spain, at 28% of the total, slightly higher than tumors (27%), and are also the first cause of hospitalization.

According to data from the 2022 Cardiovascular Health Strategy document SNS, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Spain affects 9.8% of the population, and is slightly more common in women than in men (52.6% in women and 47.4% in men).

With reference exclusively to stroke, every year in Spain 120,000 people suffer from stroke, of whom about 25,000 die, while about 40,000 live with some type of consequence, which is the main cause of disability in Europe. In the Balearic Islands, 2,100 cases of stroke occur every year, of which about 350 people die.

In addition, these diseases are accompanied by a lot of morbidity and consequences that lead to high rates of chronic disease and disability, which reduces the quality of life of patients and means high cost and increased burden on health care systems. However, these deaths have decreased in recent years as a result of improvement in approaches, especially the momentum for prevention and control of vascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, dyslipidemia, etc.). .).

These risk factors, common in cardiovascular diseases and stroke, are modifiable by adopting healthy lifestyle habits, and therefore, there is an opportunity to reduce vascular risks and avoid the onset of these diseases through prevention and health promotion, which are key points in the treatment of both diseases.

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